Uitdaging

Stroomgebieden spelen een belangrijke rol in het waterbeheer. Met intensiever watergebruik, klimaatverandering en veranderingen in landgebruik wordt het bereiken van duurzaam waterbeheer op de schaal van een stroomgebied steeds moeilijker. Water moet worden verdeeld over verschillende sectoren zoals landbouw (irrigatie), industrie, drinkwatervoorziening, energieopwekking en natuur. Beleid over waterverdeling en watervraag moet worden gemaakt op stroomgebiedsniveau waarbij klimaatverandering meegenomen moet worden. Er moet rekening worden gehouden met een reeks milieu-, sociale en politieke kwesties om op het juiste moment op de juiste locatie een duurzame watervoorziening van de juiste kwantiteit en kwaliteit te bereiken. Nu de waterbehoefte in veel regio’s al groter is dan de beschikbaarheid, wordt verwacht dat veranderingen in klimaatpatronen (vaak leidend tot langdurige droogte en extremere regenval) de complexiteit van beleidsmakers verder zullen vergroten. Nationale overheden, (grensoverschrijdende) stroomgebiedbeheerautoriteiten, regionale waterschappen en ngo’s hebben in toenemende mate behoefte aan beslissingsondersteunende instrumenten en advies over het watervraag vs. wateraanbod probleem. Zo kunnen zij zorgen voor voldoende (zoet) water voor alle gebruikers in een stroomgebied, zowel nu als in de toekomst.

FutureWater-aanpak

FutureWater heeft ervaring met het leveren van oplossingen voor duurzaam waterbeheer op stroomgebiedsniveau. Onze projecten worden uitgevoerd in samenwerking met belanghebbenden zoals overheden, waterbeheerders en boeren, om ervoor te zorgen dat lokale kennis wordt opgenomen in onze beslissingsondersteunende systemen en adviesrapporten. Met toonaangevende internationale experts op het gebied van waterbeheer en hydrologie, kan FutureWater klanten op verschillende manieren ondersteunen:

Stroomgebiedsbrede waterbeschikbaarheid onder veranderende omstandigheden

FutureWater maakt gebruik van verschillende tools en simulatiemodellen die zijn ontworpen voor kwantitatieve beoordeling van de waterbeschikbaarheid op verschillende ruimtelijke schalen. Deze tools worden ingezet voor referentieberekeningen en scenarioanalyses, rekening houdend met toekomstige veranderingen (klimaat, demografie, landgebruik, ontwikkeling van watervoorraden) zodat de beleidsmaker hierop kan anticiperen. Het gebruik van big data in combinatie met uitgebreide scenarioanalyses wat tot begrijpelijke en intuïtieve outputs leidt, behoort tot de kernexpertise van FutureWater. Scenario’s worden doorgaans ontwikkeld in nauwe samenwerking met klanten en andere relevante belanghebbenden in het stroomgebied.

Optimalisatie van stroomgebiedplanning en waterallocatie

Voor het toekomstige gebruik van stroomgebieden is het essentieel om de beschikbaarheid van water te relateren aan de vraag naar water in ruimte en tijd. Er moeten optimale regels voor de toewijzing van water worden vastgesteld om een integraal beleid te realiseren dat bestand is tegen veranderende patronen in zowel vraag als aanbod. Dit heeft betrekking op zowel menselijk watergebruik als ecosysteemvereisten. Door te werken met beproefde optimalisatietools voor waterallocatie, ondersteunt FutureWater overheden en stroomgebiedorganisaties bij het formuleren van waterallocatiebeleid en het identificeren van kansen voor verdere, duurzame ontwikkeling van watervoorraden. Conceptuiele beslissingsondersteunende modellen worden doorgaans gekoppeld aan geavanceerdere fysische modellen om de beschikbaarheid van watervoorraden in een stroomgebied te kunnen bepalen (zie hierboven).

Geïntegreerde planning op basis van water-voedsel-energie-ecosystemen samenhang

In de context van complexe stroomgebieden is alleen kijken naar waterstromen niet voldoende om tot een duurzaam beheer van watervoorraden te komen. FutureWater heeft vele jaren ervaring met de ontwikkeling en toepassing van instrumenten voor de ruimtelijke beoordeling van de gewasproductie, het potentieel voor waterkracht en een reeks watergerelateerde ecosysteemdiensten. Door inzicht te geven in de voordelen van watervoorraden op stroomgebiedsniveau in verschillende scenario’s, stelt FutureWater beleidsmakers in staat rekening te houden met de volledige samenhang van water-voedsel-energie-ecosystemen in het stroomgebiedsbeheer.

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    The Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre (RFMMC) has been established in Phnom Penh, Cambodia under the umbrella of the Mekong River Commission (MRC). One of the main objectives of the RFMMC is to establish an improved, robust and reliable flood forecasting system for short and especially medium-term forecast periods.…

  • Ontwikkeling SWAP-GIS omgeving

    Het project omvat het maken van een koppeling tussen ArcGis en het SWAP model. De uiteindelijke modelleeromgeving wordt een praktische tool worden die snel inzetbaar is om gelijk waar in Vlaanderen de impact van schommelingen in grondwaterstand door winningen of regulering van het oppervlaktewaterpeil op landbouwopbrengst, de groei van bossen of de natuurwaarden te kunnen...

  • Nile Basin Data Base Development

    The Nile Basin Decision Support System (NBI-DSS) will provide the necessary knowledge base and analytical tools to support the planning of cooperative joint projects and the management of the shared Nile Basin water resources. FutureWater was asked to support this NBI-DSS and to undertake preliminary data collection and compilation. The…

  • Verbetering bepaling actuele verdamping

    Verdamping is, na neerslag, voor de meeste gebieden in Nederland de grootste component van de waterbalans. Het is voor waterbeheerders daarom van belang om de actuele verdamping zo goed mogelijk vast te stellen, voor zowel beleidsmatige als operationele beslissingen. STOWA heeft daarom een project gestart met als doelstelling: Verbetering van de schatting van de actuele...

  • Verkennende klimaatstudie Waterschap Vallei en Eem

    Het Waterschap Vallei en Eem is een klimaatstrategie aan het ontwikkelen om zich voor te bereiden op het veranderende klimaat op de langere termijn (2050-2100). Ter ondersteuning bij het tot stand komen van deze strategie is een verkennende klimaatstudie uitgevoerd. De resultaten van deze studie zijn verkregen door gebruik te maken van de huidige kennis...

  • Irrigation Potential Lake Victoria, Tanzania

    A study was undertaken to evaluate and rank five potential irrigation schemes in the Tanzania part of the Lake Victoria Basin. The study focused on the following five thematic areas: (i) land suitability, (ii) water resources assessment, (iii) water requirements, (iv) environmental considerations, and (v) institutional aspects.

  • Hydrological seasonal forecasts in mountaineous basins

    This project focused on the hydrology and cryosphere of the Himalayas and dealt with the influence of snow cover of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau on Asian monsoon dynamics, and the possibility to forecast the strength of the monsoon and the hydrological effects in downstream areas.

  • Gebruik regenradar gegevens in het waterbeheer

    Waterschap Rivierenland beschikt voor de periode vanaf 2000 tot heden over regenradargegevens voor haar totale beheersgebied. De historische data is eenmalig aangekocht bij Meteo Consult in Wageningen en sinds kort wordt online de meest recente data opgehaald. Binnen het beheersgebied van het waterschap wordt door verschillende neerslagstations de gevallen hoeveelheid neerslag bijgehouden. Deels zijn dit...

  • Groundwater Management and Exploration Package, Northern China

    In northern China, groundwater depletion reached catastrophic levels. Therefore, the Chinese government was looking for improved groundwater assessment and management tools. The GMEP (Groundwater Management and Exploration Package) project demonstrated that better observation and planning tools can assist decision makers. Focus of the project was on the Yellow River Basin…

  • Mekong River Basin Modeling Framework Development

    The Mekong River Commission (MRC) Information and Knowledge Management Programme (IKMP) is developing and expanding its modeling framework. FutureWater was asked to support the process by developing a complete strategy and to prepare a set of tender documents for implementation of the strategy. The project resulted in six specific Program…

  • Mogelijkheden regelbare stuw in de Olstertocht

    Uit de analyse van het model FutureView blijkt dat de mogelijkheden tot het vasthouden van water in het gebied laag zijn. Als er vanuit wordt gegaan dat er geen kwel optreedt dan is de hoeveelheid water die extra vastgehouden kan worden 7 tot 15 mm. Uitgaande van de criteria van het waterschap ligt dit net...

  • Berekening openwaterverdamping

    Na de evaluatie van vijf methoden om de openwaterverdamping te berekenen is De Bruin-Keijmanmethode volgens de literatuur het meest geschikt voor het beheersgebied van Wetterskip Fryslân.

  • Green Water Credits Mechanism to support sustainable water use in Africa

    Green Water Credits can be seen as an investment mechanism for upstream farmers to practice soil and water management activities that generate benefits for downstream water users, which are currently unrecognized and unrewarded. FutureWater coordinated and carried out the biophysical assessment that quantified the impact of Green Water Credits practices…

  • Klimaat voor Ruimte

    Om de kwel en wegzijging onder verschillende klimaatscenario´s te kunnen voorspellen is er een model ontwikkeld dat op basis van meteorologische gegevens en rivierstanden kwel- en wegzijgingsfluxen kan bepalen. Het model is op een aantal punten verbeterd en getest voor de polder Quarles van Ufford in het beheersgebied van Waterschap Rivierenland. Met het verbeterde model...

  • Remote Sensing and Hydrological Modelling of the Rio Bravo, Aguascalientes and Central Northern Valleys

    The project has shown how modern analytical tools such Remote Sensing, GIS and simulation models can help to swiftly obtain data to support the water management decision making process. A diagnosis of the Rio Bravo and Northern Central Aquifers has been made to demonstrate management options as well as how…