Project:Hydrological seasonal forecasts in mountaineous basins
Cliënt:NWO-Casimir
Partners:Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University
Doel:Revealing the effects of snow cover on the Tibetan plateau and the Himalayas on the strength of the monsoon and the resulting river discharges in Asia by combining remote sensing, multivariate statistics and simulation models.

This project focused on the hydrology and cryosphere of the Himalayas and dealt with the influence of snow cover of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau on Asian monsoon dynamics, and the possibility to forecast the strength of the monsoon and the hydrological effects in downstream areas.

This project was a three-year scientific research project supported by the Casimir program of NWO, that aimed at promoting the exchange of researchers between the private and academic sector. The project focused on the hydrology and cryosphere of the Himalayas and dealt with the influence of snow cover of the Himalayas and the Tibetan plateau on Asian monsoon dynamics, and the possibility to forecast the strength of the monsoon and the hydrological effects in downstream areas. This was further detailed though four specific research questions:

  1. What are the spatial and temporal patterns in snow cover in the Himalaya and on the Tibetan plateau?
  2. Are there empirical relationships between snow cover, the El Nino – Southern Oscillation (ENSO), surface temperature and monsoon precipitation?
  3. What is the effect of snow cover on monsoon precipitation, and what are the major underlying processes?
  4. Is it possible to forecast the downstream hydrological effects during the monsoon based on pre-monsoon information of snow cover and ENSO status?

The project was executed in close collaboration with the department of Physical Geography of Utrecht University.

Links

Publicaties

  • 2010 - Grazer Schriften der Geographie und RaumforschungImmerzeel, W.W., P. Droogers, S.M. de Jong, M.F.P. Bierkens. 2010. Satellite derived snow and runoff dynamics in the upper Indus river basin. Grazer Schriften der Geographie und Raumforschung 45: 303-312X

    Satellite derived snow and runoff dynamics in the upper Indus river basin

    Immerzeel, W.W., P. Droogers, S.M. de Jong, M.F.P. Bierkens

  • 2008 - Remote Sensing of EnvironmentImmerzeel, W.W., P. Droogers, S.M. de Jong, M.F.P. Bierkens. 2008. Large-scale monitoring of snow cover and runoff simulation in Himalayan river basins using remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 40-49X

    Large-scale monitoring of snow cover and runoff simulation in Himalayan river basins using remote sensing

    Immerzeel, W.W., P. Droogers, S.M. de Jong, M.F.P. Bierkens